Mask Guide | When and how to use masks

The face mask has become the most important weapon against the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) in addition to hand-sanitization and social distancing.

Masks are a key measure to suppress transmission and save lives. Wearing a mask a normal part of being around other people.

The appropriate use, storage and cleaning or disposal of masks are essential to make them as effective as possible.

Make wearing a mask a normal part of being around other people.
  • Clean your hands before you put your mask on, as well as before and after you take it off, and after you touch it at any time.

  • Make sure it covers both your nose, mouth and chin.

  • When you take off a mask, store it in a clean plastic bag, and every day either wash it if it’s a fabric mask or dispose of a medical mask in a trash bin.

  • Don’t use masks with valves.

When should a face mask be worn?

Wearing a face mask when you are sick with a cough or sneezing illness (with or without fever) and you expect to be around other people. Anytime you are indoors or outdoors with people who don’t live with you. The face mask will help protect them from catching your illness.

How to Wear Masks?

  • Wash your hands or use hand sanitizer before putting on your mask.

  • Put the mask over your nose and mouth and secure it under your chin.

  • Fit the mask snugly against the sides of your face, slipping the loops over your ears or tying the strings behind your head.

  • If you have to continually adjust your mask, it doesn’t fit properly, and you might need to find a different mask type or brand.

  • Make sure you can breathe easily.


  • Wear a mask over your nose and mouth to help prevent getting and spreading COVID-19.

  • Wear a mask in public settings when around people who don’t live in your household, especially when indoors and when it may be difficult for you to stay six feet apart from people who don’t live with you.

  • Wear a mask correctly for maximum protection.

  • Keep a spare mask to replace one that becomes wet from the moisture in your breath.

  • Store wet reusable masks in a plastic bag until they can be washed.


  • Put the mask around your neck or on your forehead.

  • Touch the mask, and, if you do, wash your hands or use hand sanitizer.

Take Off Your Mask Carefully, When You’re Home

  • Untie the strings behind your head or stretch the ear loops

  • Handle only by the ear loops or ties

  • Fold outside corners together

  • Be careful not to touch your eyes, nose, and mouth when removing and wash your hands immediately after removing.

Best way to dispose of medical mask.

  • After using the disposal mask put it in a separate bag and then throw it into the dustbin.

  • After using the disposal mask you can burn that mask so that all the germs, viruses can be killed. (Best way to dispose of mask)

Types of Masks

Cloth Masks

Cloth Masks can be made from a variety of fabrics, and many types of cloth masks are available.

Look for

  • Multiple layers of tightly woven, breathable fabric

  • Nose wire

  • Mask should block light when held up to the bright light source

Do NOT wear

  • Masks with exhalation valves or vents

  • Single-layer or masks made of thin fabric that doesn’t block light

Disposable Masks

Disposable face masks are widely available.

Look for:

  • A description indicating multiple layers of non-woven material

  • Nose wire

Do NOT wear

  • Masks with gaps around the sides of the face or nose

  • If wet or dirty

**The above data is collected from CDC, WHO website

47 views0 comments

Recent Posts

See All